advance

advance , US [transcription]{{[-"v_ns"]}}
A n
1 (forward movement) gen, Mil avance f (on sur) ; fig (of civilization, in science) progrès m ; with the advance of old age avec l'âge ; recent advances in medicine les progrès récents dans le domaine de la médecine ; a great advance for democracy un grand pas en avant pour la démocratie ;
2 (sum of money) avance f, acompte m (on sur) ; to ask for an advance on one's salary demander une avance sur son salaire ;
3 (increase) any advance on £100? (at auction etc) cent livres, qui dit mieux?
B advances npl (overtures) (sexual) avances fpl ; (other contexts) démarches fpl ; to make advances to sb (sexually) faire des avances à qn ; (other contexts) faire des démarches auprès de qn.
C in advance adv phr [book, reserve, notify, know] à l'avance ; [thank, pay, arrange, decide] à l'avance, d'avance ; a month in advance un mois à l'avance ; here's £30 in advance voici 30 livres d'avance or d'acompte ; you need to book your seats well in advance il faut réserver vos places longtemps à l'avance ; to send on luggage in advance envoyer des bagages à l'avance ; to send sb on in advance envoyer qn en avant.
D in advance of adv phr avant [person] ; she arrived half an hour in advance of the others elle est arrivée une demi-heure avant les autres ; a thinker in advance of his time un penseur en avance sur son temps or qui devance son époque.
E vtr
1 (move forward) faire avancer [tape, film, clock] ; Mil avancer [troops] ; (in chess) avancer [piece] ; (move to earlier date) avancer [time, date] (to à) ; fig (improve) faire progresser, faire avancer [career, knowledge, research] ;
2 (promote) servir [cause, interests] ;
3 (put forward) avancer [theory, explanation etc] ;
4 (pay up front) avancer [sum] (to à).
F vi
1 (move forward) [person] avancer, s'avancer (on, towards vers) ; Mil [army] avancer (on sur) ; [morning, evening] avancer ; the procession advanced down the aisle le cortège progressait le long de l'allée centrale ;
2 (progress) [person, society, civilization, knowledge, technique] progresser, faire des progrès ; to advance in one's career progresser dans sa carrière ;
3 (increase) [prices] augmenter, être en hausse ;
4 sout (be promoted) [employee] avoir une promotion.

Big English-French dictionary. 2003.

Regardez d'autres dictionnaires:

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  • advance — ad·vance 1 vt ad·vanced, ad·vanc·ing: to supply or provide ahead of time: as a: to give (a gift) by way of or as an advancement b: to supply (as money) beforehand in expectation of repayment or other future adjustment advance 2 n: a provision of… …   Law dictionary

  • advance — vb 1 Advance, promote, forward, further all mean to move or put ahead, but they come into comparison chiefly when they imply help in moving or putting (something) ahead. Advance usually implies effective assistance, as in hastening a process {the …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • advance — 1. advance, advanced. The meanings are different, advance being a noun used attributively or as a modifier to mean ‘placed in advance; going before’, as in advance copy, advance guard, advance payment, etc., whereas advanced means ‘far on in… …   Modern English usage

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  • advance — [adj] ahead in position or time beforehand, earlier, early, first, foremost, forward, in front, in the forefront, in the lead, leading, previously, prior; concepts 583,585,799 Ant. after, behind advance [n1] forward movement advancement, headway …   New thesaurus

  • advance — [ad vans′, ədvans′] vt. advanced, advancing [ME avancen < OFr avancer, to forward < VL * abantiare < L ab , from + ante, before: sp. ad by assoc. with L ad, to, forward] 1. to bring forward; move forward [to advance a chessman] 2. to… …   English World dictionary

  • Advance — Ad*vance , n. [Cf. F. avance, fr. avancer. See {Advance}, v.] 1. The act of advancing or moving forward or upward; progress. [1913 Webster] 2. Improvement or progression, physically, mentally, morally, or socially; as, an advance in health,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Advance — Ad*vance , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Advanced}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Advancing}(#).] [OE. avancen, avauncen, F. avancer, fr. a supposed LL. abantiare; ab + ante (F. avant) before. The spelling with d was a mistake, a being supposed to be fr. L. ad. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Advance — Ad*vance , a. Before in place, or beforehand in time; used for advanced; as, an advance guard, or that before the main guard or body of an army; advance payment, or that made before it is due; advance proofs, advance sheets, pages of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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