advance , US [transcription]{{[-"v_ns"]}}
A n
1 (forward movement) gen, Mil avance f (on sur) ; fig (of civilization, in science) progrès m ; with the advance of old age avec l'âge ; recent advances in medicine les progrès récents dans le domaine de la médecine ; a great advance for democracy un grand pas en avant pour la démocratie ;
2 (sum of money) avance f, acompte m (on sur) ; to ask for an advance on one's salary demander une avance sur son salaire ;
3 (increase) any advance on £100? (at auction etc) cent livres, qui dit mieux?
B advances npl (overtures) (sexual) avances fpl ; (other contexts) démarches fpl ; to make advances to sb (sexually) faire des avances à qn ; (other contexts) faire des démarches auprès de qn.
C in advance adv phr [book, reserve, notify, know] à l'avance ; [thank, pay, arrange, decide] à l'avance, d'avance ; a month in advance un mois à l'avance ; here's £30 in advance voici 30 livres d'avance or d'acompte ; you need to book your seats well in advance il faut réserver vos places longtemps à l'avance ; to send on luggage in advance envoyer des bagages à l'avance ; to send sb on in advance envoyer qn en avant.
D in advance of adv phr avant [person] ; she arrived half an hour in advance of the others elle est arrivée une demi-heure avant les autres ; a thinker in advance of his time un penseur en avance sur son temps or qui devance son époque.
E vtr
1 (move forward) faire avancer [tape, film, clock] ; Mil avancer [troops] ; (in chess) avancer [piece] ; (move to earlier date) avancer [time, date] (to à) ; fig (improve) faire progresser, faire avancer [career, knowledge, research] ;
2 (promote) servir [cause, interests] ;
3 (put forward) avancer [theory, explanation etc] ;
4 (pay up front) avancer [sum] (to à).
F vi
1 (move forward) [person] avancer, s'avancer (on, towards vers) ; Mil [army] avancer (on sur) ; [morning, evening] avancer ; the procession advanced down the aisle le cortège progressait le long de l'allée centrale ;
2 (progress) [person, society, civilization, knowledge, technique] progresser, faire des progrès ; to advance in one's career progresser dans sa carrière ;
3 (increase) [prices] augmenter, être en hausse ;
4 sout (be promoted) [employee] avoir une promotion.

Big English-French dictionary. 2003.

Regardez d'autres dictionnaires:

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